Formally referred to as Garry Kimovich Kasparov, he was born on April 13, 1963 in Baku, Azerbaijan, Russia. First known as Garry Kimovich Weinstein, he became a World Chess Champion. A grandmaster undoubtedly, and is often referred to as the greatest chess player or all time. He is also well regarded for being a political activist and writer.
Kasparov began his chess career early on in life at the age of seven. It was at this time that he attended the Young Pioneer Palace in Baku. At the age of ten, he began training under renowned chess coach Vladimir Makogonov at the Mikhail Botvinnik chess school. Makogonov helped Kasparov to hone his skills for the game and instructed him on the rules of play for the Tartakower System of the Queen’s Gambit Declined, as well as the Caro-Kann Defence. With this exceptional level of coaching, Kasparov went on to win the Soviet Junior Championship in 1976 in Tbilisi. He earned an incredible seven points out of nine, at the young age of thirteen. The following year, under the training of Alexander Shakarov, Kasparov won the championship again with an even better score of eight and a half out of nine.
Kasparov moved on to participate in the Sokolsky Memorial tournament hosted in Minsk in 1978. He was invited to attend the tournament as an exception; however he quickly took first place and achieved the status of chess master. Kasparov has said on a number of occasions that that particular event was a major turning juegos gratis point in his life, and it was then that he decided to pursue a career in chess. He often states that he will remember that tournament as long as he lives, and after his win he thought he could take on the title of world champion.
Because of this win and his new way of thinking, it only made sense for him to move on to qualify for the Soviet Chess Championship in 1978, at the ripe old age of just fifteen. He became the como bajar de peso youngest player ever to compete at that level. He went on to win a sixty four player Swiss system tournament in Daugavpils in a tiebreaker from Igor V. Ivanov. This allowed him to take the only qualifying spot.
It did not take long for Kasparov to rise through the ranks of the FIDE rankings of the World Chess Federation. Due in part to an oversight on the part of the Russian Chess Federation, he took part in the Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina Grandmaster tournament in 1979. This took place while still being listed as unrated, as he was filling in for Viktor Korchnoi who was invited to play in the tournament but decided not to take part due to a threat of boycott from the Soviet Union. Kasparov won this important tournament and came out with a rating of 2595, while provisional; it was enough to get him pastillas para bajar de peso into the top level of chess players. The following year, 1980, he took part in the World Junior Chess Championship in Dortmund, West German and won. Later the same year, he debuted as a second reserve player for the Soviet Union at the Chess Olympiad at La Valletta, Malta, leaving there with a Grandmaster title.
With all of these amazing accomplishments it should come as no surprise that at the age of como bajar de peso rapido twenty two, Kasparov became the youngest undisputed World Chess Champion in the year 1985. He held this official FIDE world title until the year 1993, when a disagreement with the FIDE caused him to leave and set up his own organization known as the Professional Chess Association. He still held the classical World Chess Championship until 2000 when he was defeated by Vladimir Kramnik. Kasparov is also known as the first world chess champion to lose under standard time controls to a computer. This took place when he lost in 1997 to Deep Blue.
As far as ratings are concerned, Kasparov has been rated world number one on the Elo rating almost without interruption from 1986 until the time he retired in 2005. He still holds the all time highest rating of 2851, and was the world number one ranked player for a total of two hundred and fifty five months, nearly three times longer than Anatoly Karpov, his closest rival.
On March 10, 2005, Kasparov announced he would be retiring from professional chess in order to focus on writing and politics. He has gone on to form the United Civil Front movement, and has become a member of The Other Russia, a coalition that is against Vladimir Putin’s administration. He withdrew as a presidential candidate, because Russian support for Kasparov is low, although he is regarded as a symbol of opposition to Putin in the West.